What are wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the third molars located at the back of the jawbone. It is also known as the ‘wisdom tooth’ among the public because it lasts between the ages of 16-40. Along with changing eating habits over thousands of years, human jaw bones have also changed. Nowadays, many people’s wisdom teeth cannot fit into the mouth, so they either remain impacted or are placed in a different position than they should be. In such a case, it is decided to extract the third molar tooth as it does not contribute to chewing.

Should wisdom teeth always be removed?

If wisdom teeth are positioned correctly in the mouth and aren’t interfering with the bite or causing any issues, there’s typically no need for removal. However, if they are partially erupted and causing problems like decay in neighboring teeth or discomfort while eating, extraction may be recommended. Similarly, impacted wisdom teeth that are not visible in the mouth may need to be removed if they pose a risk of future problems. Otherwise, they could potentially push against other teeth, causing misalignment.

In what cases is it decided to extract wisdom teeth?

-When it cannot find a place in the jawbone during eruption and puts pressure on the existing teeth, causing the teeth to become crowded,

-When it causes bad breath because it is difficult to clean,

– When there is pain, swelling and redness in the surrounding gum,

– In case it dissolves the root of the adjacent tooth in a horizontal position,

– If it remains buried and causes cyst formation around it, it is decided to remove it.

Is it difficult to extract every wisdom tooth?

If it is visible in the mouth, its extraction is no different from other teeth. If it is in a buried or semi-buried position, it requires surgery. In this case, the tooth is first anesthetized by injecting it into the mouth. The tooth is extracted by removing the bone and gum tissue on it, and the procedure is completed by stitching.

What should I pay attention to after a wisdom tooth extraction at the age of 20?

As with any surgical procedure inside the mouth, hot food and drinks should be avoided to control bleeding and not be spit out after the operation. Smoking should be stopped if possible or smoked as little as possible, as it will impair the healing of the wound area. Teeth adjacent to the wound area should be cleaned with soft-tipped brushes and the cleaning of the area should be supported with antiseptic mouthwashes.